Translingual literacy: the path ahead: (progress . . .)
“The concept of language as a rigid, monolithic structure is false, even if it has proved to be a useful fiction in the development of linguistics. It is the kind of simplification that is necessary at a certain stage of science, but which can now be replaced by more sophisticated models.” –Haugen, The Ecology of Language 1972, pg. 325
monolingual orientations (assumptions)
translingual rather than multilingual: not multiple monolinguals / complete literacies / tactics
action activity rhetoric
language repetoire tactics
decreased instances of contact / linguistic solitudes: languages in isolation, no interaction between languages.